SNAIL FARMING IN NIGERIA 2021: 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
Snail farming in Nigeria as we all know is popular solely because of its delicious taste. Snails have enormous demand in the market of Nigeria for their unique taste and nutritional value.
Also, they are very popular globally, more so, snail meat contains a high amount of protein, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and is very low in fat.
People consider snail farming in Nigeria as a business venture because of its economic value, and also because it is profit-oriented.
Yes, people could earn an enormous amount from snail farming in Nigeria mostly because of its high demand in the urban market.
Due to the global pandemic(coronavirus) that struck the world in 2020, this had left a lot of Nigerians in abject poverty.
Although, after the intense lockdown, some Nigerians had decided to venture into a trade as a source of livelihood.
In 2021, many Nigerians are yet to find a profitable business to venture into. This article tends to reveal why you should go into snail farming.
Why snail farming?
Snails are hermaphroditic, that is to say, snails have reproductive organs and as a result, can reproduce very fast and in large quantities, one snail could produce about 80 -100 eggs six times yearly.
Meats gotten from snails are often of more nutritional value than other red meat because they are rich in protein, iron, calcium, and phosphorus, and are very low in cholesterol, sodium, and fat,
so if you are a dietitian the snail meat is highly recommended. Snails are generally acceptable in Nigeria and as such do not have any religious or tribal taboo in eating them, they also have a great market all over the West African region.
Financing, producing, servicing, sorting, transportation and marketing are business tasks needed for snail farming which can be a great sector for employment.
Also establishing a snail farm in Nigeria requires less capital and it helps in meeting up national demands.
5 MAJOR THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT SNAIL FARMING
The basic things you know in snail farming in Nigeria, are;
How Much Does It Cost To Start A Snail Farm Nigeria?
Starting a snail farm in Nigeria for commercial purposes you need to consider housing, buying fresh snails, feeding, handling, and processing the snails, marketing, and transportation. They may range from N80,000 to N120,000 depending on how large you want your snail farm to be.
How Much Money Can You Make From Snail Farming?
Before investing in any business be it snail farming it is important you have the much needed experience.
It is also important you consider starting small even though you have lots of capital to inject into the business. As you start small, you gain more experience which will guide you on the best bio safety strategy to adopt.
Asides from the capital or investment and your level of expertise in snail farming, depending on the number of snails, you can produce over 1.5 million snails which now worth over 6-7 million naira, twice a year.
Yes, this is made possible because of the high prolific Achatina species of snails, which produce about 200-400 snails at once, two to three times yearly.
And if each snail depending on its size, costs about N250, multiplying it by a hundred thousand will give you about a 2.5million naira, considering a produce of about a million snails, you could get about a 25million naira Or even more per annum.
How Long Does It Take For Snail To Mature Into A Full Size?
While rearing snails for commercial use, your species have to be big, even huge.
They should grow to about 25-30cm in length, such sizes can be achieved in about 7- 11months or even more. The bigger snail is, the more money you will get from them.
What Do Snails Eat To Grow Fast?
Snails are vegetarians and mostly feed on fruits and green leaves. For faster growth, you should feed them food such as ; cabbage, cucumbers, mango, banana, eggplant, pear, tomatoes and pawpaw, cassava, okra leaves or lettuce, and even cocoyam.
How Long Does It Take A Snail To Mature?
It takes about 10-30 days for the eggs to be hatched, thereby releasing snails about 4mm long.
In a month it grows about 10mm and in six months, the Achatina fulica is about 35mm long and may already be sexually matured.
Sexual maturity most times takes about 6-16 months depending on weather and available calcium.
In terms of cost and time, snail farming is a low-risk business. Whereas other livestock businesses may require much cost and could be quite expensive,
snail farming requires very little to startup and could be done in the backyard of your house to save cost in purchasing farmland.